Garden

Plant Friend or Foe: Companion Planting in the Vegetable Garden

Take the guess work out of planning your vegetable garden layout with this comprehensive list of vegetable garden plants and their companions! Learn good companions, bad companions and insects that are repelled or attracted by each type of garden vegetable.

Before putting your seeds or transplants into the garden, make sure to arrange them in the most advantageous way. This guide is a quick, easy reference to use when you want to make sure all your plants will be good neighbors.

This list is also available in Excel format if you purchase my Garden Design and Planning Tool.

Globe Artichoke

Artichoke, Globe

Good Companions

Brassicas, Peas, Sunflowers, Tarragon

Arugula

Arugula

Good Companions


Bush Beans, Celery, Carrots, Nasturtium, Mint, Dill, Lettuce, Cucumbers, Onions, Rosemary, Potatoes

Don’t Plant With

Pole beans, Strawberries

Asian Greens

Asian Greens

Good Companions

Beans, Beetroot, Cabbage, Carrots, Cucumber, Marjoram, Peas, Strawberries

Don’t Plant With

Parsley

Asparagus

Asparagus

Good Companions

Aster Family, Dill, Coriander, Tomatoes, Parsley, Basil, Comfrey, Marigolds, Nasturtium

Attracts

Ladybugs

Don’t Plant With

Onion, Garlic, Potatoes, Gladiolus

Bush beans

Beans, Bush

Good Companions

Cucumber, Strawberries, Celery, Strawberries, Grains

Don’t Plant With

Fennel, Alfalfa

Lima Beans

Bean, Lima

Good Companions

Bush beans, Cucumbers, Corn, Celery, Potatoes, Pole beans, Sunflowers

Don’t Plant With

Onions, Garlic, Beets, Kohlrabi

Pole Beans

Bean, Pole

Good Companions

Radishes, Corn

Don’t Plant With

Sunflowers, Beets, Brassicas, Kohlrabi

Beets

Beets

Good Companions

Brassicas, Bush Beans, Cabbage, Lettuce, Kohlrabi, Onions, Swiss Chard, Garlic, Mint

Don’t Plant With

Pole Beans

Broccoli

Broccoli

Good Companions

Lettuce, Mustard, Pac Choi, Rape, Beets, Dill, Onions, Tomato, Turnip, Clover

Repels

Wireworms

Brussel Sprouts

Brussel Sprouts

Good Companions

Beets, Carrots, Marigolds, Mint Family, Onion, Rosemary, Dill, Chamomile, Nasturtiums, Wormwood, Sage, Thyme, Clover

Don’t Plant With

Grapes

Cabbage

Cabbage

Good Companions

Celery, Beans, Broccoli, Chard, Brussel Sprouts, Spinach, Clover, Chamomile, Larkspur, Nasturtiums, Dill, Coriander, Hyssop, Onion, Beets, Marigolds, Mint, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme, Tomatoes, Chinese Cabbage

Attracts

Snails, Slugs

Don’t Plant With

Grapes, Strawberries

Carrots

Carrots

Good Companions

Cabbage, Chives, Potatoes, Leeks, Onion, Peas, Rosemary, Lettuce, Sage, Salsify, Wormwood, Tomatoes, Alliums, Beans, Passionfruit, Flax

Attracts

Assassin Bug, Lacewing, Parasitic Wasp, Yellow Jacket, Predatory Wasps

Repels

Leek Moth, Onion Fly

Don’t Plant With

Dill, Parsnip, Radish

Cauliflower

Cauliflower

Good Companions

Beans, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Celery, Chard, Spinach, Peas, Chinese Cabbage, Marigolds, Rape, Sunflower, Tomatoes

Don’t Plant With

Strawberries

Celery

Celery

Good Companions

Bush beans, Brassicas, Cucumber, Cosmos, Daisies, Snapdragons, Leeks, Tomatoes

Collards

Collards

Good Companions

Garlic, Onions, Thyme, Rosemary, Mint, Sage, Nasturtium

Corn

Corn

Good Companions

Beans, Cucumbers, Squash, Melons, Sunflowers, Dill, Legumes, Peanuts, Clover, Amaranth, White Geranium, Pigweed, Lamb’s Quarters, Morning Glory, Parsley, Peas, Pumpkins, Soybeans, Potatoes

Don’t Plant With

Tomato, Celery

Cucumber

Cucumber

Good Companions

Beans, Cabbage, Corn, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Nasturtiums, Radishes, Marigolds, Sunflowers, Peas, Chamomile, Beets, Carrots, Dill, Onions, Garlic, Celery

Attracts

Ground Beetles

Repels

Raccoons, Ants

Don’t Plant With

Potatoes, Aromatic Herbs

Eggplant

Eggplant

Good Companions

Beans, Peppers, Tomatoes, Marigolds, Dill, Tarragon, Mints, Thyme

Endive

Endive  

Good Companions

Radish, Parsnip, Turnip

Don’t Plant With

Squash

Fennel

Fennel Bulb        

Don’t Plant With

Tomatoes, Potatoes, Peppers, Kohlrabi

Garlic

Garlic    

Good Companions

Cabbage, Onion, Fruit trees, Nightshades, Carrots, Marigold, Mints

Don’t Plant With

Beans, Peas

Gourds

Good Companions

Corn, Beans Buckwheat, Jimson Weed, Catnip, Oregano, Tansy, Radishes, Nasturtiums

Ground Cherry   

Good Companions

Basil, Parsley, Carrots, Onions, Hot Peppers

Horseradish Root            

Good Companions

Sweet Potatoes, Strawberries, Asparagus, Rhubarb, Fruit Trees, Grapes

Jerusalem Artichokes/Sunchokes

Good Companions

Rhubarb, Peanuts, Beans, Borage, Mints, Chamomile, Chickory, Lemongrass, Lemonbalm

Kale      

Good Companions

Beets, Celery, Cucumbers, Herbs, Marigold, Nasturtium, Onions, Spinach, Chard, Potatoes

Kohlrabi              

Good Companions

Onion, Beets, Aromatic Plants, Cucumbers

Leeks    

Good Companions

Fruit trees, Nightshades, Carrots, Marigolds, Mints, Celery, Onions, Clover

Lettuce & Greens             

Good Companions

Strawberries, Radishes, Carrots, Parsnips, Beets, Beans, Okra, Onions, Broccoli, Dill, Kohlrabi, Cucumbers, Thyme, Nasturtiums, Alyssum, Cilantro

Melons 

Good Companions

Brassicas, Alliums, Beans, Lettuce, Kale, Radishes, Spinach,Okra, Peas, Marigolds, Nasturtiums

Okra     

Good Companions

Sweet potato, Tomatoes, Peppers, Beans, Lettuce, Squash, Sweet Potato

Onions 

Good Companions

Fruit trees, Nightshades, Brassicas, Carrots, Marigolds, Mints, Beets, Chamomile, Lettuce, Parsnips, Strawberries, Dill, Summer Savory, Pansy

Orach

Good Companions

Lettuce, Garlic, Swiss Chard, Kale

Parsnips              

Good Companions

Fruit Trees, Onion, Radish, Wormwood

Peas      

Good Companions

Brassicas, Turnip, Cauliflower, Garlic, Mints, Beans, Carrots, Cucumbers, Corn, Potatoes, Radish

Peppers

Good Companions

Okra, Beans, Carrots, Eggplant, Tomatoes, Marjoram, Geraniums, Petunias, Sunflowers, Onions, Clover, Basil, Mustard, Parsley

Potatoes             

Good Companions

Basil, Squash, Corn, Brassicas, Eggplant, Flax, Peas, Marigolds, Beans, Onion, Garlic, Thyme, Clover, Horseradish, Dead Nettle

Pumpkin              

Good Companions

Corn, Beans Buckwheat, Jimson Weed, Catnip, Oregano, Tansy, Radishes, Nasturtiums

Radish  

Good Companions

Chervil, Cucumber, Lettuce, Melons, Peas, Nasturtiums, Root Crops, Squash, Eggplant, Beans

Rhubarb

Good Companions

Asparagus, Brassicas, Garlic, Horseradish, Onions, Strawberries, Turnips

Rutabega            

Good Companions

Peas, Broccoli, Hairy Vetch

Salsify   

Good Companions

Carrots, Turnips, Rutabaga, Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes, Swede

Shallots

Good Companions

Fruit trees, Nightshades, Carrots, Marigolds, Mints

Sorghum             

Good Companions

Mung Beans, Guar, Clover, Flax, Buckwheat

Soybean              

Good Companions

Corn, Snap Beans, Sunflower

Spinach

Good Companions

Brassicas, Corn, Eggplants, Leeks, Lettuce, Melon, Peas, Radish, and Strawberries

Summer Squash

Summer Squash

Good Companions

Corn, Beans, Okra, Buckwheat, Borage, Catnip, Tansy, Radish, Marigold, Nasturtium, Parsley, Spinach, Garlic, Peas, Borage, Mints

Sweet Potatoes

Good Companions

Okra

Swiss Chard        

Good Companions

Brassicas, Passion Fruit, Bush Beans, Kohlrabi, Onions

Tomatillo 

Good Companions

Marigold, Nasturtium, Basil, Mint, Chives, Sage, Parsley, Garlic, Capsicums, Carrots, Onions, Brassicas

Tomatoes           

Good Companions

Roses, Peppers, Asparagus, Basil, Beans, Bee Balm, Oregano, Parsley, Marigold, Alliums, Celery, Geraniums, Petunias, Nasturtium, Borage, Coriander, Chives, Mustard, Fenugreek, Barley, Carrots, Eggplant, Mints, Okra, Sage, Thyme

Turnip   

Good Companions

Peas, Broccoli, Hairy Vetch

Zuchinni              

Good Companions

Corn, Beans, Okra, Buckwheat, Borage, Catnip, Tansy, Radish, Marigold, Nasturtium, Parsley, Spinach, Garlic, Peas, Borage, Mints

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